In this the fifth year of implementation of the PLHIV Stigma Index 50 countries have completed the study. More than 1300 PLHIV have been trained as interviewers and 45,000 PLHIV have been interviewed. The PLHIV Stigma index questionnaire has been translated into 54 languages.
Countries that have completed the implementation include:
Argentina, Bangladesh, Belorus, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador Ethiopia, Estonia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Laos, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Viet Nam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
There have always been controversial issues surrounding HIV - from the ability of young people to access condoms and other sexual and reproductive health services, to a truly human rights based response for sex workers, men who have sex with men and injecting drug users. One of the most challenging issues facing the world today is the criminalization of HIV transmission.
The criminal law is a blunt instrument for HIV prevention. Yet from the UK to the USA, Mali to Mozambique, Azerbaijan to Australia, criminal laws are increasingly being used to prosecute HIV transmission or exposure. This undermines human rights and jeopardizes hard won gains in the global response to HIV. For World AIDS Day, a new publication - Verdict on a Virus: Public Health, Human Rights and Criminal Law - shows that a simplistic ‘law-and-order' response to HIV and the way in which individual court cases are reported in the media only serve to intensify a climate of denial, secrecy and fear.