The People Living with HIV Stigma Index in The Ethiopia was conducted in 2010.
In terms of gender, it is estimated that 499,239 male and 717,669 female PLHIV are living in the country in 2010. The majority of the respondents were young adults in the age range of 30-39 years. Nearly three out of ten men were in the age group 40-49 years, and the corresponding Proportion for women was 15 percent, and this difference was statistically significant. The reported duration of living with HIV for 55 percent of the respondents was 1-4 years, and that of about quarter of the respondents was 5‐9 years. Only three percent of the respondents reported that they were living with HIV for more than 10 years. While nearly 60 percent of the male respondents were in married or cohabiting, the corresponding percentage for females was only 33 percent, showing the wide variation in this regard. Most of the female respondents were either widows or divorcees. There was no difference in the proportions Of the male and female respondents who were never married, with 16 percent of either sex reporting that they were single. The questionnaire included questions on current sexual activity of the respondents to understand this aspect of their lives. A difference was observed in sexual activity of the PLHIV by sex. Men reported they were more active sexually (61 percent) than women (39 percent).
Piecing it together for women and girls- The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma
(Evidence from Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia)
HIV. Stigma. Gender. These three terms are all-too-frequently used together on any discussion related to the structural determinants or driving forces of the epidemic. Much time has been devoted to developing a deeper understanding of their connections at plenary addresses at AIDS conferences; articles in journals and all kinds of quantitative and qualitative research. Yet, despite all we have learned over the past three decades about HIV-related stigma, it continues to thrive – fuelling the continued expansion of the epidemic. It is imperative that we find innovative and personal ways to piece together the ever-growing rhetoric into tangible difference in the lives of people most affected by the epidemic. And in many countries around the world, these lives are those of key populations1 and young women and girls.
Piecing together the various parts of a response to HIV-related stigma – to match the realities of the lives of different women and girls – requires that policy makers and programme experts; advocates and activists; researchers and academics work towards a collective goal. Responses must be carefully crafted and become ‘fit for purpose’ to effectively address the most pressing bottlenecks.
These strategies could include:
- fit for research and policy
-fit for advocacy
-fit for learning
Responses to stigma must evolve and develop in line with the nature of HIV-related stigma, which is ever shifting and changing. We hope that this document will provide some insight on piecing together the various elements to address the nuances of HIV-related stigma as it affects young women and girls.
The reports are provided here.