Portugal

Approximately 1,060 in-depth interviews were conducted in various locations around the country. The gender distribution was 66% men and 34% women, four respondents identified themselves as transgender. The gender and age distribution shows a higher weight than the expected for older groups, 40 to 49 years or more, and a very low percentage of coverage of younger age strata. The high level of secondary education for men should be noted, as well as the significant number of women who have “no schooling” or “primary education only” (the most important category for women). Most of the men live alone and are not in a relationship (single, divorced or widowed). Most of the women have a relationship whether or not they live together. The years of relationship is distributed in a similar manner by gender, noting, however a tendency to long lasting relationships (particularly with more than five years) amongst men. Over 80% of men, nearly 70% of women, and all transgender participants describe themselves as sexually active. This study culminates in a detailed list of recommendations to Parliament, Government, the National Program for HIV/AIDS Infection (PNVIHS) and Civil Society Organizations (CSO). It recommends that Parliament should: -broaden the scope of existing antidiscrimination legislation -increase transparency, equity and publicity of discrimination inquiries -improve disaggregation and quality of data on discrimination complaints -improve enforcement mechanism and impose penalties for non-compliance with investigation and reporting requirements of anti-discrimination legislation and regulations - promote the wide dissemination of the law, rights of PLHIV, types of discrimination and ways to challenge discrimination -increase effectiveness, efficiency and supervision of the inspection and/or regulatory entities address the obstacles and barriers to conducting multicenter studies involving social health units Recommendations to the National Program for HIV/AIDS Infection (PNIVS) -implement anti-discrimination training -promote the wide dissemination of the law, rights of PLHIV, types of discrimination and ways to challenge discrimination initiate regular research studies of HIV and AIDS stigma and discrimination Recommendations to Civil Society Organizations (CSO) -collect data on discrimination in a systemized and uniform manner to facilitate the consolidation of this information and enable consistent monitoring of discrimination cases -advocate with decision makers and public administration for more effective and efficient anti-discrimination programs and policies for PLHIV. The full report is provided here