Tanzania, United Republic of

The People Living with HIV Stigma Index ion the  Tanzania mainland was carried out in 2013.

Additionally there was a Stigma Index implemenetation that was carried out in Zanzibar.

The mainland report details are below 

A total of 2205 of PLHIV from all 5 regions participated in the study. Tanzania has a generalized epidemic with prevalence rate of 5.3 % among all adults aged 15-49 years, by the end of 2012, Tanzania had an estimated 1.5 million people living with HIV and approximately 86,000 new HIV infections (Spectrum, 2013).
56.8% of all respondents were females while 43.2% were males. Nearly one third (27%) of all participants were from Dar es Salaam city and other regions almost contributed equal proportions (18%) of study respondents. Majority of respondents were from the age group between 30-49 years, followed by those in the age of 50+ years from all regions participated in the study. However, from other regions majority (35.3%) in the age group of 30-39 were females while most of respondents from Dar es Salaam were males from the same age group.  Very few young people 19.1% (from other regions) and 19.9% from Dar es Salaam) in the age between 15-29 years participated in the study.
Over half of respondents (50.7%) from other regions and (50.1%) have lived with the virus between 1-9 years.
While many respondents reported being married and living together for both Dar es Salaam (27.3%) and other regions (34.8%), the second largest group said that they are living single (24.9% ) in Dar es Salaam and (26.9%) in other regions. However, majority females from other regions (23.8%) were widows as compared to Dar es Salaam (12.4%).
It terms of being sexually active, most of respondents (85.3%) from DSM are more sexually active than those from other regions (74.3%). Further analysis detected those who are sexually active from other regions are males (80.7%, n=442) while in DSM more females are sexually active (91.9%, n=181%).

 (2013 – 2017)

The third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for Tanzania 2013-17 (NMSF III) provides a common understanding for all HIV/AIDS stakeholders.  Preparation for developing the NMSF III has incorporated the evaluations of the previous NMSF II (2008-12) and recent epidemiological analyses of the epidemic in Tanzania.  Assessing the remaining challenges, the NMSF III recognizes that while the national average adult HIV prevalence rate has declined over the last ten years, HIV transmission rates among key populations, women, and in certain regions are not being adequately controlled.  The needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) are not being met; stigma and discrimination are rampant; and the coordination of the national response is not providing all necessary services to those who need them.  It is with this in mind that the NMSF III aims towards the long term goals of elimination of new HIV infections, deaths from HIV, and HIV-coincident stigma and discrimination.  Specifically, the NMSF III will achieve the following three impact results by 2017: a HIV prevalence rate of no more than 0.55%, a significant reduction in AIDS-related deaths, and increased opportunities for all people living with HIV/AIDS to become empowered and respected members of society.  These will be accomplished through targeted investment in four (4) strategic areas of primary investment and four (4) supporting areas of secondary investment, employing four (4) cross-cutting programmatic principles throughout.

The report and the Third National Multi Sectoral Strategic Framework are provided here.


Addittionally the Zanzibar report is attached